antimony, stibium (St)


antimony, stibium (St)
сурьма

Англо-русский глоссарий алюминиевой промышленности. 2011.

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  • antimony — (n.) brittle metallic element, early 15c., from O.Fr. antimoine and directly from M.L. antimonium, an alchemist s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Gk. stimmi powdered antimony, black antimony… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Antimony — An ti*mo*ny ([a^]n t[i^]*m[ o]*n[y^]; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stibium — Stib i*um, n. [L. stibium, stibi, Gr. ?, ?.] 1. (Chem.) The technical name of antimony. [1913 Webster] 2. (Min.) Stibnite. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antimony — [an′tə mō΄nē] n. [ME antimonie < OFr antimoine < ML antimonium < ? Ar al ithmid, antimony < Gr stimi (> L stibium) < Coptic stēm < Egypt sdmt, orig. mixture used to protect the eyes from flies] a silvery white, brittle,… …   English World dictionary

  • Antimony — This article is about the element. For the town, see Antimony, Utah. Not to be confused with Antinomy, a type of paradox. tin ← antimony → tellurium As ↑ Sb ↓ Bi …   Wikipedia

  • antimony — [15] Antimony, from medieval Latin antimōnium, was used by alchemists of the Middle Ages for ‘stibnite’, the mineral from which antimony is obtained, and for ‘stibium’, antiphon 28 or ‘black antimony’, a heated and powdered version of the mineral …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • antimony — [15] Antimony, from medieval Latin antimōnium, was used by alchemists of the Middle Ages for ‘stibnite’, the mineral from which antimony is obtained, and for ‘stibium’, or ‘black antimony’, a heated and powdered version of the mineral used for… …   Word origins

  • Stibium — Eigenschaften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • antimony — A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, −3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. SYN: stibium. [G. anti + monos, not found alone] a. chloride SYN: a. trichloride. a. di …   Medical dictionary

  • stibium — /stib ee euhm/, n. Chem. antimony. [1350 1400; ME < L stibi(s), stibium < Gk stíbi (var. of STÍMMI < Egyptian sdm)] * * * …   Universalium

  • stibium — stibis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminis elementas. simbolis( iai) Sb atitikmenys: lot. stibium angl. antimony rus. сурьма …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas